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sociology test bank

Chapter 1 Multiple Choice 1. As defined by C. Wright Mills, which of the following “enables us to grasp history and biography and the relations between the two within society”? a. formal sociology b. sociological imagination c. microsociology d. macrosociology ANS: B DIF: Easy REF: Page 5 TOP: Factual OBJ: Sociological Imagination 2. Feeling discomfort about rural Chinese society, where many generations of a family sleep in the same bed, is known as: a. xenophobia. b. Verstehen. c. social identity. d. social ecology. ANS: A DIF: Moderate REF: Pages 6–7 TOP: Applied OBJ: Sociological Imagination 3. How does the textbook author use dialogue from Pulp Fiction, in which the characters discuss how in Holland people put mayonnaise on their french fries? a. to introduce the sociology of film b. to explain the sociological imagination c. to explain social institutions d. to define formal sociology ANS: B DIF: Easy REF: Page 7 TOP: Applied OBJ: Sociological Imagination 4. A female manager is attempting to climb her way to the top of the corporate ladder. She works as hard, if not harder, than her male colleagues, but nothing she seems to do helps her advance. She begins to notice that males are being promoted, but females tend to be overlooked for advancements. The realization that many women in her circumstance are experiencing the same discrimination is an example of: a. anomie. b. Verstehen. c. sociological imagination. d. social cohesion. ANS: C DIF: Difficult REF: Page 5 TOP: Applied OBJ: Sociological Imagination 5. Sociologists and economists have shown that the benefits of higher education include higher median incomes for college graduates. This is known as: a. educational investment. b. the returns to schooling. c. study hard or be poor. d. get an education; get a job. ANS: B DIF: Moderate REF: Page 8 TOP: Factual OBJ: Returns to Schooling 6. After doing some sociological math, what is the net difference between the annual earnings of the average high school versus college graduate? a. about $5,000 per year b. about $10,000 per year c. about $15,000 per year d. about $50,000 per year ANS: C DIF: Difficult REF: Page 9 TOP: Conceptual OBJ: Returns to Schooling 7. According to Randall Collins’s (1979) research, the expansion of higher education is: a. mainly caused by the globalization of capitalism. b. likely caused by less-prepared high school students entering college. c. a result of credentialism and expenditures on formal education. d. a result of increasing governmental interference in educational funding. ANS: C DIF: Difficult REF: Page 11 TOP: Factual OBJ: Credentialism 8. According to research used to question credentialism, what might it cost to buy a college diploma online? a. $29.95 b. $99.99 c. $250.00 d. at least $1,000 ANS: A DIF: Moderate REF: Page 11 TOP: Factual OBJ: Credentialism 9. In today’s society, Randall Collins might suggest that getting a “piece of paper” is more important to many than actually having the knowledge to do a job. He calls the priority placed on formal education: a. secondary education. b. credentialism. c. normlessness. d. xenophobia. ANS: B DIF: Difficult REF: Page 11 TOP: Conceptual OBJ: Credentialism 10. All of the following are examples of social institutions used to prevent websites from undermining colleges’ degree-conferring abilities EXCEPT: a. copyright law. b. police forces. c. employers. d. families.

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