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P1 - Responsible Tourism - Unit 12 - Positive and Negative Impacts

Pearsons BTEC Level 3 Extended Diploma in Travel and Tourism - Unit 12 - Responsible Tourism P1 - Pass (describe economic, environmental and sociocultural impacts of tourism on destinations) For P1, learners must describe the positive and negative economic, environmental, and sociocultural impacts of tourism. They must give examples from destinations including towns or cities, countryside areas and seaside resorts. They must also feature examples from destinations in the less economically developed world (LEDW) and the more economically developed world (MEDW). These definitions are contentious and subject to a variety of factors, therefore it is recommended that tutors offer guidance to learners in terms of notes published by United Nations: ‘In common practice, Japan in Asia, Canada and the United States in northern America, Australia and New Zealand in Oceania, and Europe are considered ‘developed’ regions or areas. In international trade statistics, the Southern African Customs Union is also treated as a developed region and Israel as a developed country; countries emerging from the former Yugoslavia are treated as developing countries; and countries of eastern Europe are not included under either developed or developing regions.’ Furthermore, Hong Kong, Singapore, South Korea and Taiwan are considered ‘developed’ and Cyprus, Israel, Malta and Slovenia are considered ‘newly developed countries’. At least three positive and three negative examples should be described within each type of impact (ie economic, environmental and sociocultural). It is expected that a variety of tourism activities and developments are considered, such as cruising, ski, special interest activities as well as regeneration developments as appropriate to the destination. A typical description of a negative impact might be that congestion is a negative environmental impact of tourism and popular destinations become overcrowded with visitors and vehicles at peak times. Too many visitors travelling by car can cause a heavy build up of traffic and parking problems, even on grass verges and roadsides. Congestion is also caused by too many visitors and overcrowded attractions can spoil the experience for everyone as well as causing other environmental problems. An example of this impact can be seen in Malham in The Yorkshire Dales National Park when car parks overfill and visitors park their cars along roadsides in the scenic countryside. The area itself also gets very busy and the peace of the countryside is spoilt. A variety of assessment techniques may be used but the information given about the impacts must be clearly descriptive. Edexcel BTEC Level 3 Nationals specification in Travel and Tourism – Issue 1 – June 2010 © Edexcel Limited 2010

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BTEC Level 3 National Travel and Tourism Student Book 1
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